SBA Process Time | Bankrate

An SBA loan is a business loan provided through the U.S. Small Business Administration. This federal organization exists to support small business owners in running successful businesses. SBA loans provide entrepreneurs with a low-cost business loan option guaranteed by the government. Generally, receiving funds following an application takes 30 to 90 days.

SBA loan approval time differs depending on the lender you use and the type of loan you apply for. Local lenders who participate in SBA loan programs administer SBA loans. SBA loan types include 7(a) loans, 504 loans and microloans. 

SBA loan approval process

When you apply for an SBA loan, the process and requirements differ by lender and loan type. However, there are some common steps to the process. Here is what you can expect:

1. Gather the necessary documents and information (timeline varies from person to person)

Before you talk to a lender, make sure you have all the info they need to provide loan options. While documentation requirements vary, there are several things a majority of lenders require. Prepare to provide:

  • Business plan
  • Amount of funds and what you will use the funds for
  • Your business credit score
  • Financial projections
  • Whether you can provide collateral
  • Annual business revenue
  • Industry experience and business age

2. Find a lender (timeline varies from person to person)

Different lenders offer different SBA loans. For example, nonprofit and community organizations often administer microloans, while banks handle 7(a) loans.

Research the loan type you need and lenders in your community. You can use the lender match tool on the SBA website to find lenders and compare their loan offerings. 

3. Apply using the lender’s application process (up to 30 days)

Each lender will have its own application process. Use their website or visit in person to apply for an SBA loan through your chosen lender. A loan application could take a few hours or up to 30 days, depending on the lender and what they require. That said, if you’ve gathered all the necessary documents in advance, the application process will move faster.    

4. Wait for approval (varies on the loan type, up to 90 days)

Approval times vary by loan type and lender. For example, the SBA will review the application for an Express loan within 36 hours and five to 10 days for a Community Advantage loan. For other SBA loan types, it could take 10 to 90 days for approval. Once the SBA approves the application, it moves through the lender’s underwriting process. From there, your lender will draft a loan agreement. This can take 10 to 21 days. 

Be sure to keep communication open with the lender to find out any additional information you may need to provide throughout the process. Any delay in providing additional information can increase the time it takes. 

5. Receive your funds (7 to 90 days)

Once the loan is approved and the agreement is signed, you may have to wait to receive the funds. Each lender takes a different amount of time to disburse loan funds. Funding could take anywhere from seven to 90 days. In most cases, once the SBA approves a loan, a business will receive funds within seven to 14 days. 

Your lender can provide you with an accurate timeline for receiving funds. Again, if your lender contacts you during this period with additional questions and there is a delay, it could slow the process. 

How long does each loan type take?

The funding timeline for each type of SBA loan varies and can often be lengthy. While the SBA can review and approve applications quickly for Express and Community Advantage loans, the time it takes for a business to receive the funds will vary depending on the lender. On average, most SBA loans take 30 to 90 days from applying to funding.

Loan type Description Average funding timeline
SBA 7(a) loan  7(a) loan subtypes are backed directly by the SBA. Approval can take 30 to 60 days. 60 to 90 days
SBA Microloan Microloans are loans for smaller amounts of $50,000 or less. Approval can take 30 to 90 days. 30 to 90 days
SBA 504/CDC loan This type of loan is backed by the SBA and funded through certified development companies (CDCs). SBA approval will typically take 30 to 45 days, but it can take longer for the CDC to approve. Up to 6 months
SBA Express loan Functionally the same as 7(a) loans, but the application process is expedited for quick funding. The SBA should respond to your application in 36 hours or less. 5 to 30 days
Community Advantage loan Designed to assist small businesses in underserved markets. These loans are offered by community-based, mission-focused lenders. Applications are usually approved within five to 10 days. 10 to 30 days

How to speed up SBA loan processing time

1. Work with an SBA Preferred Lender

Preferred Lenders are allowed by the SBA to make final credit decisions, and they have a proven track record with SBA loans. Working with an experienced lender can eliminate the speed bumps you may encounter with other lenders. 

2. Use updated financials 

Providing at least three years of current financial statements and tax returns can make the process quicker. If you don’t provide this, your lender may need to ask you for additional documentation, which can slow the process. 

3. Build a relationship with the lender 

You will likely have questions and need help as you apply for an SBA loan. Find a contact at the lending institution and reach out regularly to ensure you do everything correctly throughout the process. 

4. Consider an SBA Express Loan

If the timeline for a typical SBA loan is too long for your business needs, you might be able to apply for an SBA Express Loan. These loans have a much quicker approval time of 36 hours or less. 

SBA loans vs. other small business loans

SBA loans aren’t the only option for business loans. Some of the other choices to consider include:

  • Business line of credit: A business line of credit is a flexible business loan. It functions similarly to a business credit card, providing borrowers with a specific credit line, which can be used up to the limit as needed. A business line of credit typically provides quicker access to funding than many traditional loan options.
  • Online loans: Online lenders often specialize in funding less established businesses. Their approval requirements may be less stringent, with funds often available in a few days. Depending on the type of loan, you may see shorter repayment periods or a higher average interest rate than SBA loans.
  • Equipment financing: Equipment financing is a loan provided to purchase a specific piece of business equipment such as computers, machinery, vehicles or office equipment. These loans usually come with a fixed interest rate and repayment terms of three to 10 years.
  • Personal loans: Personal loans can be easier to qualify for than an SBA loan. In addition, personal loans are typically unsecured, which means you won’t be required to provide collateral to obtain the loan. The funds are provided in a lump sum and are repaid in monthly installments. As an unsecured loan, you may pay a higher interest rate than when using a business loan.
  • Alternative loans: An alternative loan offers financing available outside of traditional banks or credit unions. Alternative lenders may also have less fees than traditional lenders. Some examples of alternative loans include crowdfunding, peer-to-peer lending and angel investors.
  • Business credit cards: Similar to personal credit cards but tailored to business needs, a business credit card is designed to cover everyday needs. A business credit card provides a line of credit, which is your spending limit. In addition to covering daily spending, business credit cards can help build your business’s credit profile. 

The timelines for funding and application requirements vary by loan type. Conventional loans through traditional lenders usually get funded faster than SBA loans. These types of loans are funded based on a bank’s underwriting criteria, so less paperwork is involved, and the process is quicker.

Online lenders, such as financial service companies, may offer more lenient requirements to qualify.

If you need working capital quickly, consider a fast business loan. These options provide financing in as little as five days, sometimes less. Typically, fast business loans are unsecured loans and have short repayment terms. Though they provide fast cash, as with any loan, they have pros and cons to consider.

The bottom line

SBA loans can be a great option if you have a new business and need financial assistance, but approval takes time. While timelines vary for different SBA loan types, you typically can get faster funding through conventional business loans. Research business loan types before deciding which to apply for. 

Frequently asked questions

  • It can be easier to obtain approval for an SBA loan compared to a traditional lender. Many SBA loans have lower credit score minimums. However, these loans are offered through individual lenders so requirements may vary.

  • Your lender will contact you once the loan is approved.

  • It can take 30 to 90 days to obtain approval for an SBA loan. However, some SBA loans, such as the SBA Express loan and Community Advantage loan, have a faster approval timeline.